Backups


Backups

Problem:

I am registered as a sub-user and am authorized for Cloud Backup and not for Cloud Files access. When I attempt to do a backup, all requests to Cloud Files return a 403 error. In this case, I attempt to authenticate...
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The following is a list of the most common data and config directories typically used for Cloud Backup:


/etc/
/home/
/root/
/var/spool/cron
/var/log/
/var/www/html/ (If Apache is using default DocumentRoot.)
/var/ftp/pub/ (If...
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The following instructions are for the installation of the Rackspace Cloud Backup agent on your Linux server. If you are using a Windows server, see Rackspace Cloud Backup - Install the Agent (Windows) for parallel instructions...
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When you create a maintenance backup plan in SQL Server 2008 R2, you must identify how you want the plan to be set up. In this example, the maintenance plan is set up with full backups, differentials, and transactions logs.
This...
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A volume clone is a usable copy of the source volume; it can be attached to a server and used immediately. A volume snapshot cannot be directly used as a volume; you must create a volume from the snapshot and then attach that...
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Although you cannot change the type of a Cloud Block Storage volume after it has been provisioned, you can create a copy of that volume and switch volume types by using the cloning or snapshot method outlined in the following...
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You can create a copy of a Cloud Block Storage volume using two methods:
Cloning Method (Volume-to-volume)
This is direct copy from your existing volume to a new blank volume on another storage node. Volume data is copied...
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A clone of a Cloud Block Storage volume is a copy made of an existing volume at a specific moment in time. At a high-level, the volume cloning process does the following:
Creates a Logical Volume Management (LVM) copy on the...
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This article describes how to move a software RAID Cloud Block Storage volume from one Cloud Server to another. You might want to perform this task when you need to build to a larger General Purpose server.
Prerequisites
Before...
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You can perform the following operations on your Rackspace Cloud Databases instances.
Create a backup
List details of all backups for the account
List details of all backups for an instance
Delete a backup
Restore a backup...
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The duration of the backup will depend on the size of your databases and any network saturation during the backup.
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To restore a database backup, you must create a new database instance, specifying the backup that you want to restore during the create request.  Your backup is loaded to the new instance, and you will receive a DNS endpoint for...
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There are no limits on how many database backups you can create.  Note that you can run only one backup at a time; duplicate requests result in a 422 error.
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Backups are not deleted when an instance is deleted.  You must manually remove any stored backups.
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The behavior of your instance during a backup depends on the storage engine that you are using for tables.  If you use only InnoDB, write access to your database instance is not suspended. Conversely, if you have MyISAM tables,...
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MySQL supports several types of table engines, also know as table types. The tables on a Cloud Databases instance can use a mix of different table engine types or they can all use the same type.  Currently we support backups of...
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Backups are stored in your Cloud Files account, and you are charged for storage used.  Standard rates for Cloud Files storage apply. For current costs, see the Cloud Files pricing page.
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Backups are created by using Percona XtraBackup to perform a hot copy of all databases on an instance. The resulting database files are streamed directly to your Cloud Files account for storage.
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Manual backup and restore operations are currently supported from within the Control Panel. For more information, please read the article Managing Backups for Cloud Databases. Alternately you can manage backup operations via the...
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With advanced deduplication and compression capabilities built-in, Rackspace Cloud Backup can save you money by using less storage. Standard rates for Cloud Files storage fees apply. For current storage fees, see the Cloud Files...
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Yes. Using the API, you can rename an existing volume using the cinder rename command to update the display-name of the volume.
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Yes. Using the API, you can query the progress of a snapshot creation using the snapshot-show command.The percentage complete value will show up under the os-extended-snapshot-attributes:progress property.
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The following permissions matrix displays specific permissions for the roles in Cloud Backup. The matrix displays the method names, their corresponding RESTful API commands, and the roles that are supported.  
API Documentation...
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When backing up the data disk or disks on your General Purpose Cloud Servers you have two convenient choices: Cloud Block Storage or Cloud Backup. Identifying which one to use depends on what features are most important to you....
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This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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NOTE: This article is written for our Cloud Sites Cloud Control Panel. You can access this interface from the Cloud Control Panel by clicking your username in the upper-right of the control panel and selecting "Cloud Sites...
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UpdraftPlus is a WordPress plugin that gives users the ability to automatically back up their sites to Cloud Files. UpdraftPlus saves the backup files as standard (non-proprietary) zip files and the database into an ordinary SQL...
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Best Practices for Cloud Backup
Contents
Purpose of this Guide
Document Conventions
Key Concepts
Choosing What to Backup
Backup and Restore Best Practices
     Backup Frequency
     Effective Restores
     Encryption: Costs and...
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Background
There are 3 types of files that change as Cloud Backup backs them up:
Files that are being overwritten or get deleted as we back them up.
Files like logs that get appended to as we back them up.
Files like databases...
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Overview
Rackspace Private Cloud Software installs a collection of Chef cookbooks that deploy and manage the suite of OpenStack core projects: Compute (Nova), Image Service (Glance), Dashboard (Horizon), Identity (Keystone), and...
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Yes, you can. After you have attached and mounted your Cloud Block Storage Volume, you can add it to your current Cloud Backup Schedule. Edit the Backup Schedule and browse to the drive letter of your Volume or to individual...
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Detaching a Cloud Block Storage volume will prevent you from writing to it when you want to take a snapshot. It is also useful when you want to take a volume offline for archival purposes, or to move a volume to another server. A...
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A Snapshot is a copy made of your Volume at a specific moment in time. It contains the full directory structure of the Volume. Snapshots can be used as incremental backups of your Volumes, as restore points for your data, as long...
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Rackspace Cloud Block Storage is a block-level storage solution that allows you to expand the storage capacity of your Rackspace Cloud Server. This means you can increase your storage without increasing the size or capacity of...
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In Cloud Block Storage you both attach and mount a Volume to a Server. These terms might sound similar, so it can get confusing as to their differences.
Attach: When you attach a Cloud Block Storage Volume to a server, a logical...
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After you have created and attached your Cloud Block Storage volume, you must prepare it for use on your server. To prepare your volume, you must partition, format, and mount it.  After you have successfully completed these steps...
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Rackspace Cloud Block Storage provides persistent block-level storage volumes for use with Rackspace next generation Cloud Servers. Volumes can be created and deleted independently of the Cloud Servers they are attached to....
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Cloud Block Storage provides persistent data storage for next generation Cloud Servers. Persistent storage can exist independent of your server, even after the server has been deleted. The local storage bundled with Cloud Servers...
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The minimum size for a Cloud Block Storage volume is 50 GB for an SSD volume or 75GB for an SATA volume. The maximum volume size is 1TB.
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Depending on your Cloud Server’s operating system, you can have up to a maximum of 14 Cloud Block Storage volumes attached to a single server.
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The limit for Volumes and storage is 10 TB total stored or 50 volumes per region (whichever is reached first).
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No problem. We'll be happy to accommodate any size storage requests for Cloud Block Storage. Simply ask for an increase to your storage quota via a support request and include the desired storage amount (TBs or volume count),...
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Yes. Details regarding the Cloud Block Storage SLA can be found here: http://www.rackspace.com/cloud/legal/sla.
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Cloud Block Storage is an excellent option for you if you:   
Want more control over your storage or application infrastructure
Are looking for a high performance storage option (SSD)
Would like to add additional storage to your...
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Cloud Block Storage (CBS) is not meant as a direct replacement of any existing Rackspace products (shared or dedicated). CBS allows Rackspace Cloud customers to add “a la carte” storage to their existing next generation Cloud...
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The Cloud Block Storage system overwrites the used portions of the disk with zeros prior to that resource getting returned to the pool that is available for use by other Cloud Block Storage customers.
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Cloud Block Storage back-end storage volumes employ a RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) level 10 configuration. RAID 10 provides high availability by combining features of RAID level 0 and RAID level 1 in which data is...
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The hardware RAID level 10 employed by Cloud Block Storage nodes provides protection against disk failures on the storage nodes themselves.  However customers are strongly encouraged to implement a RAID level 1 (mirror)...
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Not concurrently. Cloud Block Storage is not a shared storage offering. You may attach multiple volumes to a single Cloud Server instance, but you may not attach multiple Cloud Servers to a single Cloud Block Storage volume.
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Once you have created a volume, you can increase its size using the API by either of two methods:
Cloning from a source volume to a new larger volume, or
Creating a new larger volume from an existing volume snapshot....
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No. Cloud Block Storage volumes are available to newer Cloud Servers platforms, but not first-generation Cloud Servers.
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You can verify a volume’s capacity and available space using basic system commands available via their Cloud Server operating system:
In Linux CLI: From a terminal window, run the “df -h” command and note the Size, Used, Avail,...
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There is no limit. You may create an unlimited number of Snapshots.
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Yes. However at some point the cost benefit of utilizing multiple less expensive SATA volumes in a RAID configuration will be outweighed by the benefit of utilizing a single higher I/O SSD volume. If you want to increase the I/O...
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Cloud Block Storage is charged by gigabytes of storage used per month, not the IOPs, which can be difficult to predict. The price differs for standard volumes, SSD volumes, and snapshots.
Prices vary by region and are detailed on...
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No.  The agent only makes outgoing SSL connections to our API server on port 443.
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Yes - Some Ubuntu users have older agents installed on their machines. In order to communicate properly with your system, the config file may need to be overwritten with a current version.
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Rackspace double checks to make sure files get written properly when backed up and restored. However, if an uploaded file is corrupt, it will get backed up and restored as corrupted. The backup and restore processes themselves...
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Rackspace does not store customer encryption keys. Only you will know and be able to access your encryption passphrase. If you forget your passphrase, you will not be able to restore data from your Backups.
See our section on...
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If you wish to create your own encrypted key and bypass the default client-side encryption, please refer to this article on using OpenSSL to generate a key.
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All of your Cloud Backups are stored in your Cloud Files account.
But what if I never set up a Cloud Files account?
When you established your Cloud Account, a Cloud Files account was set up as well. You are not charged...
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You can create any number of backup jobs for each of your servers, and you can include a nearly unlimited number of files in each job.
For more inoformation, see Creating a Backup in the Rackspace Cloud Backup Getting Started...
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Our block-level de-duplication backs up only those portions of files that have changed since the previous backup. This means you don’t needlessly backup the same unchanged data again and again. This increases efficiency by...
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You can use Rackspace Cloud Backup on virtually any server in the Rackspace Cloud. The exceptions are FreeBSD 9, Debian 5 and Windows 2003.
Note: If you have servers that are not in the Rackspace Cloud, you can use the equivalent...
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Rackspace Cloud Backup is a service that allows you to select and backup specific files and folders from your Cloud Server. You can schedule any number of Backup jobs, and restore to the same system or a different one, giving you...
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You choose how long your backups are saved: 30 days, 60 days, or indefinitely.
Read more about Retaining your Backup in the Rackspace Cloud Back Up Getting Started Guide.
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You set up your backups in the Rackspace Cloud Backup Control Panel.
If you need to create a new Backup, click the System you want to backup, and then the Create Backup button. If you already have a Backup and want to re-...
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Rackspace Cloud Backup
Using Rackspace Cloud Backup for your Database
You can use Rackspace Cloud Backup to backup your database by following a few steps.
First, some background
Rackspace Cloud Backup backs up files, provided it...
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Getting Started with Rackspace Cloud Backup - Part 6
Preferences
On the Preferences screen, you can determine how Cloud Backup notifies you about Backup activity on your Account.
Wait, didn't I do this already? When you created...
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Getting Started with Rackspace Cloud Backup - Part 4

How to Use Backup Actions

You may do several actions with a single Backup. This page describes them.


You can access the Backup Actions drop-down menu in two ways: 1) from...
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Getting Started with Rackspace Cloud Backup - Part 3

How to View Backup Information
On the last page, we discussed How to Create a Backup. Once your Backup is set up, you might want to confirm its settings, make sure a clean up...
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Getting Started with Rackspace Cloud Backup - Part 2
If you have an account with Managed Cloud Service Level and do not see your Server under Systems, check with your account manager to install the RCBU Agent.
Other users who do...
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Getting Started with Rackspace Cloud Backup - Overview
**NOTE: Cloud Backup only works on Rackspace Cloud Servers
Overview
Rackspace Cloud Backup is a file-based backup application that lets you choose which files and folders to...
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Getting Started with Rackspace Cloud Backup - Part 5
How to Use System Actions
Important: The system actions are for users who are familiar with Rackspace Cloud Backup. Users with Managed Cloud Service Level accounts might want...
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This guide provides guidance for backup and recovery of a Rackspace Private Cloud installation.
1. Introduction

Intended Audience
Document Change History
Additional Resources
Contact Rackspace

2. Backup and Recovery with backup...
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The entire Cloud Sites FTP structure is backed up in an FTP Snapshot at the top of every hour, going back 32 hours. Those backups are rolled into a nightly backup, which are retained for two days. However, these backups are for...
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Nothing as important as your website should be served from a single hard drive, but you'd be surprised by how many web hosts have little more redundancy than a pair of crossed fingers. We're different - and for good reason.
The...
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Some users are used to taking snapshots of their Cloud Server (product page) as a backup. If you have a solution where you want to save the server’s state or configuration, or want to keep gold copies of your system, then you can...
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Scaling and High Availability

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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Load Balancing

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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Server Management

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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Resizing

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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Server Images

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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Migrations

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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Performance

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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API

This article describes some of the major features and benefits of the General Purpose and work-optimized flavors (configurations) of Cloud Servers compared to Standard servers. Changes have been implemented with General Purpose...
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