This chapter lists the prerequisites for installing a cluster with the Rackspace Private Cloud tools. Rackspace recommends that you review this chapter in detail before attempting the installation.
Table of Contents
Rackspace has tested Rackspace Private Cloud deployment with a physical device for each of the following nodes:
If you have different requirements for your environment, contact Rackspace.
Rackspace recommends that the Chef server hardware meet the following requirements:
Each node in the cluster will have chef-client installed on it. The hardware requirements vary depending on the purpose of the node. Each device should support VT-x. Refer to the following table for detailed requirements.
CPU overcommit is set at 16:1 VCPUs to cores, and memory overcommit is set to 1.5:1. Each physical core can support up to 16 virtual cores; for example, one dual-core processor can support up to 32 virtual cores. If you require more virtual cores, add additional physical nodes to your configuration.
For a list of Private Cloud certified devices, refer to Private Cloud Certified Devices - Compute.
The following table lists the operating systems on which Rackspace Private Cloud has been tested.
|Operating System||Tested Rackspace Private Cloud Version|
|Ubuntu 12.04||All versions|
|Ubuntu 12.10 and later||None|
|CentOS 6.3||v4.0.0 and earlier|
|CentOS 6.4||v4.1.2 and later|
|CentOS 6.5||v4.2.2 and later|
|Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.0||None|
It is possible to install Rackspace Private Cloud on untested OSes, but this may cause unexpected issues.
If you require OpenStack Networking, Rackspace recommends that you use Rackspace Private Cloud v4.2.2 with CentOS 6.4 or Ubuntu 12.04 for the Controller and Networking nodes.
The following kernels have been tested:
Internet access is required to complete the installation, so ensure that the devices that you use have internet access to download the installation files.
A network deployed with the Rackspace Private Cloud cookbooks uses nova-network by default, but OpenStack Networking (Neutron, formerly Quantum) can be manually enabled. For proof-of-concept and demonstration purposes, nova-network will be adequate, but if you intend to build a production cluster and require software-defined networking for any reason, you should use OpenStack Networking, which is designed as a replacement for nova-network.
If you want to use OpenStack Networking for your private cloud, you will have to specify it in your Chef environment and configure the nodes appropriately. See Configuring OpenStack Networking for detailed information about OpenStack Networking concepts and instructions for configuring OpenStack Networking in your environment.
The cookbooks are built on the following assumptions:
The cookbooks contain definitions for three general networks and what services bind to them. These networks are defined by CIDR range, and any network interface with an address within the named CIDR range is assumed to be included in that network. You can specify the same CIDR for multiple networks; for example, the
management networks can share a CIDR.
The following table lists the networks and the services that bind to the IP address within each of these general networks.
The configuration allows you to have either multiple interfaces or VLAN-separated sub-interfaces. You can create VLAN-tagged interfaces both in the nova-network configuration (with Linux bridges) or in Neutron (with OVS). Single-NIC deployment also possible. Both multi- and single-NIC configurations are described in Configuring OpenStack Networking.
You need the following information for the installation:
novaas the default.
In a nova-network configuration, by default, the instances that you create in the OpenStack cluster can be publicly accessed via NAT only by assigning floating IP addresses to them. Before you assign a floating IP address to an instance, you must have a pool of addresses to choose from. Your network security team must provision an address range and assign it to your environment. These addresses need to be publicly accessible. Floating IP addresses are not specified during the installation process; once the Controller node is operational, you can add them with the nova-manage floating create --ip_range command. Refer to "Managing Floating IP Addresses".
You can also make the instances accessible to other hosts in the network by default by configuring the cloud with a network DMZ. The network DMZ range cannot be the same as the nova network range. Specifying a DMZ enables NAT-free network traffic between the virtual machine instances and resources outside of the nova fixed network. For example, if the nova fixed network is
10.1.0.0/16 and you specify a DMZ of
172.16.0.1/12, any devices or hosts in that range will be able to communicate with the instances on the nova fixed network.
To use the DMZ, you must have at least two NICs on the deployment servers. One NIC must be dedicated to the VM instances.
In general, the Rackspace Private Cloud installation instructions assume that none of your nodes are behind a proxy. If they are behind a proxy, review this section before proceeding with the installation. Rackspace has not yet tested a hybrid environment where some nodes are behind the proxy and others are not.
You must make your proxy settings available to the entire OS on each node by configuring
/etc/environment as follows:
node2 with the hostnames of your nodes.
In all cases,
no_proxy is required and must contain a
localhost entry. If
localhost is missing, the Omnibus Chef Server installation will fail. Ubuntu requires
no_proxy at a minimum. CentOS requires
no_proxy for yum packages and key updates. However, because installation methods might change over time, Rackspace recommends that you set as many variables as you can.
The nodes must also have sudo configured to retain the following environment variables:
Defaults env_keep += "http_proxy https_proxy ftp_proxy no_proxy"
In Ubuntu, this can be put in a file in
/etc/sudoers.d. In CentOS, ensure that your version loads files in
/etc/sudoers.d before adding this variable.
You can verify that the proxy settings are correct by logging in and running env and sudo env. You should see the configured
no_proxy settings in the output, as in the following example.
TERM=screen-256color SHELL=/bin/bash SSH_CLIENT=
<ssh-url>SSH_TTY=/dev/pts/0 LC_ALL=en_US http_proxy=
<port>USER=admin PATH=/usr/local/sbin PWD=/home/admin LANG=en_US.UTF-8 https_proxy=
<port>SHLVL=1 HOME=/home/admin no_proxy=localhost,
<sshConnectionInformation>LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8 LESSOPEN=| /usr/bin/lesspipe %s LESSCLOSE=/usr/bin/lesspipe %s %s _=/usr/bin/env
TERM=screen-256color LC_ALL=en_US http_proxy=
<port>PATH=/usr/local/sbin LANG=en_US.UTF-8 https_proxy=
client1LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8 SHELL=/bin/bash LOGNAME=root USER=root USERNAME=root MAIL=/var/mail/root SUDO_COMMAND=/usr/bin/env SUDO_USER=admin SUDO_UID=1000 SUDO_GID=1000
Rackspace Private Cloud has the ability to implement support for high availability (HA) for all Nova service components and APIs, Cinder, and Keystone, and Glance, as well as the scheduler, RabbitMQ, and MySQL. HA functionality is powered by Keepalived and HAProxy.
Rackspace Private Cloud uses the following methods to implement HA in your cluster.
Availability zones enable you to manage and isolate different nodes within the environment. For example, you might want to isolate different sets of Compute nodes to provide different resources to customers. If one availability zone experiences downtime, other zones in the cluster are not affected.
When you create a Nova cluster, it is created with a default availability zone, and all Compute nodes are assigned to that zone. You can create additional availability zones within the cluster as needed.
© 2011-2013 Rackspace US, Inc.
Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License