Preparing an image for import into the Rackspace OpenCloud
You can use the Cloud Images service to import custom virtual machine disk images into the Rackspace open cloud. For such images to boot correctly, they must be prepared according to the following requirements and instructions.
In this article ...
- General requirements
- Microsoft Windows
- Preparing an image offline using XenServer
- Preparing an image online in another cloud
- Alternatives to image import
- The image must be a single file in the VHD file format.
Note: A Cloud Files object, whether a Dynamic Large Object or a Static Large Object, is considered to be a single file for this purpose.
- Images must not expand to a system disk larger than 40 GB, which is the maximum system disk size for Rackspace General Purpose Cloud Servers.
- If you have exported an image from the Rackspace OpenCloud it will already be in the VHD format required for import.
Note: Images with system disks larger than 40 GB can be exported, but cannot be imported into the Rackspace open cloud.
Microsoft product use rights do not allow the use of License Mobility for Windows licenses. Given the limitations related to this software platform, image import is not available for Windows images.
Preparing an image offline using XenServer
If you are preparing an image specifically for use in the Rackspace open cloud, we recommend that you prepare it offline using a local installation of XenServer.
For instructions for preparing an image on Linux, see the following articles:
- Creating a CentOS 6.5 Image for the Rackspace open cloud
- Creating an Ubuntu 13.10 Image for the Rackspace open cloud
Preparing an image online in another cloud
If you already have a server in another cloud, and you'd like to boot an instance of it in the Rackspace open cloud, we recommend that you make a copy of your server and make the necessary configuration and software changes in the other cloud before you export an image of that server. That's because it's a lot easier to work with a living server rather than try to make offline modifications to a virtual machine image.
Basically, we suggest that you do the following:
- In the other cloud, create an image of the server you want to bring over to the Rackspace OpenCloud.
- In the other cloud, boot a new server from the image you just created.
- In the other cloud, make appropriate modifications to that new server so that it could work in the Rackspace OpenCloud.
- In the other cloud, create an image of the new server.
- In the other cloud, export the image you just created.
- Offline, convert the image to the VHD format.
- Offline, upload the image to your Rackspace Cloud Files account in the region in which you want to boot your server.
- Using Rackspace Cloud Images, import the image into the Rackspace OpenCloud.
- Boot a server from the imported image in the Rackspace OpenCloud.
Racker Mike Metral has put together a tutorial on the Rackspace DevOps Blog that walks you through this process. His example shows you how prepare a QCOW image and convert it to the VHD format so that you can import it. Please see Bootstrap Your QCOW Images for the Rackspace Public Cloud.
Preparing an image for import into the Rackspace OpenCloud is somewhat complicated. As an alternative, consider using boot.rackspace.com, which enables you to prepare an image directly inside the Rackspace OpenCloud. For details, see the following posts in the Rackspace DevOps Blog:
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