Rackspace Cloud Files: How To Create A Static Website

Filed in Product & Development by Jerry Schwartz | June 26, 2012 2:30 pm

We frequently update our products, and Cloud Files[1] is no exception. In this series of technical posts, we’ll dig into how developers using the Cloud Files API can leverage new capabilities in Rackspace Cloud Files.

You can now use your Cloud Files account to create a static website. First, you must CDN-enable a storage container. Any HTML or static web pages in the container will become available through a static website once you set the X-Container-Meta-Web-Index header to index.html or other index page of your choice. You may also create subdirectories in your website by creating pseudo-directories, as outlined in the pseudo directory section of this guide[2]. Each pseudo-directory becomes a subdirectory in the website.

The page you set for X-Container-Meta-Web-Index becomes the index page for every subdirectory in your website; each pseudo-directory should contain a file with that name. So, if you set X-Container-Meta-Web-Index to index.html, you should have an index.html page in each pseudo-directory. If you do not have the named index page, visits to myhost/subdir/ will return a 404 error.

How To Set up a Static Website

  1. Upload your pages to a container.
  2. POST the X-Container-Meta-Web-Index on the storage container to set the index or other primary page of your website. You must write your storage URL and the container name to properly point to the container (<storage URL><container name>)
  3. CDN-enable your container.
  4. Go to your domain host and set up a CNAME to your CDN URL.

 

Example: Set up Static Web

  curl -X POST -H "X-Container-Meta-Web-Index: index.html" -H "X-Auth-Token: 19264db3-c845-40ea-86ed-8a33d89bfe00" "https://storage101.dfw1.clouddrive.com/v1/MossoCloudFS_a55df/MyLibrary/

Once your container is configured for Static Web and your domain host has your CNAME recorded, you will get the following results.

Example: Container Setup for Static Web Site

  container/index.html
  container/page2.html
  container/subdir/index.html
  container/subdir/pageX.html

In the results below, the user’s CNAME is myhost, and the X-Container-Meta-Web-Index is set to index.html. The results on the right of the example are the pages that display in the Web browser.

Example: Static Web Site Enabled Container Results

  http://myhost                     Displays container/index.html
  http://myhost/page2.html          Displays container/page2.html
  http://myhost/subdir              Displays container/subdir/index.html
  http://myhost/subdir/             Displays container/subdir/index.html
  http://myhost/subdir/pageX.html   Displays container/subdir/pageX.html

This is just one of many new features in Rackspace Cloud Files that developers can take advantage of. Cloud Files customers are urged to try out this new feature in their next API project or add it to a current application. If you’re not yet using Cloud Files, sign up for an account and check it out. And now, using Cloud Files is more affordable since we reduced the cost of Cloud Files by 33 percent[3].

Endnotes:
  1. Cloud Files: http://www.rackspace.com/cloud/cloud_hosting_products/files/
  2. the pseudo directory section of this guide: http://docs.rackspace.com/files/api/v1/cf-devguide/content/Pseudo-Hierarchical_Folders_Directories-d1e1580.html
  3. reduced the cost of Cloud Files by 33 percent: http://www.rackspace.com/blog/cloud-files-updates/

Source URL: http://www.rackspace.com/blog/rackspace-cloud-files-how-to-create-a-static-website/